06
Nov
10

The great Serengeti highway: 5 options, 1 solution and 5 core value-principles needed now!


The Tanzanian elections are over and now the hard work begins to SAVE our beloved, and iconic, SERENGETI from commercial road infrastructure development.

I am making an appeal here today for the East African Development Bank (EADB) to take a new, dynamic position in strategic lead-funding arrangements for any major road infrastructure development in Tanzania, in order to achieve a united regional and global vision of zero development within this pristine biosphere.

Essentially, there is a critical platform already of very key role-players in such sensitive matters:

1.  The government of Tanzania and her peoples;

2.  The communities to the north-east and north-west of the Serengeti National Park;

3.  The government and the peoples of Kenya;

4.  UNESCO – the world body tasked with global oversight of World Heritage Sites (through which the Serengeti, as a unique “natural wonder of the modern world”, enjoys such international status);

5.  Nature conservation bodies with credible track records in this region, such as IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature – a key global, advisory body to UNESCO), Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS – a body that has been active in research, development and protection of this precious ecosystem for 50 years), African Wildlife Foundation (AWF – an organization that has also been hugely active in wildlife protection regionally, and continentally) and – last but by no means least – the Tanzanian Parks Authority (TANAPA – a parastatal charged with the management of Tanzania’s natural park resources);

6.  International funding agencies and governmental institutions; and

7.  Support groups of concerned citizens, from inside Tanzania (including communities affected by conservation development programmes) and Kenya, plus fellow Africans and those beyond our treasured continent.

WHY THE ‘EAST AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK’ INVOLVEMENT ?

Simple. I have 5 reasons why:

A.  There are too many emotive role-players in a sensitive socio-economic development project that could affect the environment.  The EADB is the leading infrastructure development finance institution in East Africa and is well capable of addressing needs, costs, lead-funding arrangements, regulatory and statutory requirements (both locally and internationally), responsible oversight of environmental impact assessments and the collaboration of special interest parties;

B.  The EADB is recognized as a credible regional institution by the United Nations;

C.  The EADB can draw on strategic linkages such as the African Development Bank, the World Bank and other similar institutions that have wide-ranging experience in this sensitive sphere;

D.  The EADB has a public record policy that it:

“Will not finance projects that could significantly alter the environment of a neighbouring country without that country’s consent”, and

“Will not finance projects that would significantly modify areas designated by national legislation as national parks, wildlife refuges, or other protected areas”;

E.   The EADB is obliged by its Charter to be fair, transparent and inclusive in the source and application of infrastructure loan funding.

THERE ARE 5 PROPOSED OPTIONS FOR COMMERCIAL ROAD NETWORK DEVELOPMENT IN NORTHERN TANZANIA:

1. GOVERNMENT OF TANZANIA;

2. FRANKFURT ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY;

3. AFRICAN WILDLIFE FOUNDATION;

4. STOP THE SERENGETI HIGHWAY lobby group on Facebook;

5. EAC HIGHWAYS OFF MIGRATION lobby group on Facebook.

Each one of these parties brings some position to the table and certain merits can be found to a greater or lesser degree in their respective proposals.

However – there is one common thread to the Tanzanian government’s proposal and that is there must be NO commercial road development through the iconic Serengeti.  This is extensively supported by local, regional and international opinion, across a range of professional and specialist advisers, as well as media commentators and ordinary men and women of good social conscience.

I believe there can only be one over-arching solution and it must be created and developed by consensus through a specialist institution with in-depth experience and insight into major infrastructural funding for regions and nations.

THE CORE-VALUE PRINCIPLES:

I would propose a simple acronym for the 5 core-value principles I seek to promote in this appeal here, taking the region’s rich bio-diversity into account.
I’ve called it – T E A C H:

1. TRANSPARENCY

Allegations have been made inside Tanzania (as well as in Kenya and beyond) that the government has not been transparent with its citizens and related-party stakeholders in this project matter, either in the nature and source of infrastructure funding, or in the pending Environmental Impact Assessment report.

A credible intermediary, such as the EADB, will address this considered lack of transparency.

2. EQUITABILITY

It is absolutely clear that there are 2 critical imperatives at play here:

(a) The absolutely vital need for communal socio-economic development for those people living adjacent to the park, in its north-west and north-east, together with other surrounding communities; and

(b) A national, regional and global responsibility for environmental protection.

Again – a specialized, regional infrastructure funding institution will ensure absolute equality of key interests in any final outcome.

3. ACCOUNTABILITY

Given the highly sensitive nature of this essential regional road network development, coupled with an extensive range of local and international interests, any leading-finance arrangement facilitator must be able to stand the “litmus test” of international accountability.  The EADB has a pre-eminent track record.

4. COMMUNITIES

There are allegations and counter-allegations that not all affected communities have been properly consulted in either the government’s proposal, or certain other alternate solutions.

It is an undisputed fact that the peoples of the Serengeti region surrendered much of their traditional pastoral and traditional home lands for the greater good of environmental conservation.  Certain issues have now become a political football in the region and so it is clear that there needs to be widespread, qualitative and independent communal engagements, led by a credible research agency.

The EADB has this capacity, which can be scaled up specifically for this task.

5. HERITAGE

As a World Heritage Site, the Serengeti National Park occupies a unique role within the Tanzanian society and economy, coupled with that of Kenya and its related Mara biosphere, since they together form an indivisible, globally-sensitive eco-system.

Given this overwhelming obligation for preservation for the future of human- and nature-kind on this earth, the EADB also is exceptionally well-placed to factor such a key objective into any over-arching end-solution.

To conclude –

I am calling here for ALL interested parties, inside Tanzania and beyond, to approach the East African Development Bank to appeal for this institution to take a lead role in facilitating responsible socio-economic road infrastructure development in north-western Tanzania.

The EADB is head-quartered  in Kampala (Uganda) and has regional offices in Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) and Nairobi (Kenya).


Brian Sandberg
Durban. South Africa.

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